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主题: 中国在南海急需做的两件事

中国在南海急需做的两件事 2011-09-26 14:02 #1

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2002年11月4日时任国务院总理的朱镕基带领着外交部副部长王毅在金边与东盟十国签署了“南海各方行为宣言”。多年来,这个“宣言”严重的束缚了中国人民收回南沙群岛的手脚。中国人以一颗善良的心换来了一群豺狼虎豹肆意吞噬南沙群岛的结果。
南海周边各声索国近年来动作急剧而频繁,尤其菲律宾喊声不断,花样繁多,软硬兼施。甚至拉拢美国、日本参与其间;最近又纠集东盟十国开会,计划瓜分南海。越南则勾结印度在南海开采油气,马来西亚口头喊叫的较少,埋头猛干,大量开采油气,而且动用舰艇经常驱赶中国军舰,南海的形势既复杂又混乱。
国内爱国网民们在网上经常以愤怒的情绪声讨南海周边那些侵占中国南海岛礁的国家,对中国政府的温和态度强烈不满。
然而,真正的实际情况与舆论有没有出入,这一点我们一直都不是十分清楚,所以我们的有些议论就显得很无力,缺少底气。为了准确的掌握我国南海的现状,做到知彼知己,心中有数,不发缺乏依据的议论;对国防决策也能提供准确的信息数据,免做错误的判断。因此,我们首先应该做好两件事:

一,完善中国南海边界线。我国的地图在南海所标的边界线,是由不完整地,不连续的九段构成,这就是众所周知的中国南海边界九段线。这个九段线在四十年前没有人提出过异议,20世纪70年代以来,由于在我国南海发现巨大的油气藏量后,以越南为首的周边各国趁中国精力不顾的空隙陆续侵占开发,造成今天的混乱局面。
现在的当务之急,是公开的,明确的完善南海的边界。在地图上直接把九段线连接起来,不理会周边各国的态度,我行我素;而且定期的对边界进行海、空巡逻,以实际行动宣示主权。对越界的任何人给予警告,要求其离开,就像日本在我国钓鱼岛海域的做法一样。这一点,我们可以向日本人学习,不要单靠外交词令。
二,设置精确的南海地区坐标图,对边界线之内的各国的油气钻井,精确测量,定出精确的坐标位置,绘图公布。比如说最近嚷闹很凶的印度和越南在南海开采油气的问题,究竟它的坐标位置在什么地方,是不是在我国的边界线之内,或者说在边界线附近,必须搞清楚,以便决定定对策。如果人家没有在我们的边界线之内或边界线附近,我们就不必大惊小怪,只需戒备,警惕就行了。
我认为,以上这两点应该尽快实现,以免广大的爱国人士不明就里,干着急,乱操心而引发广泛的失实的过激言论,影响民众的情绪,造成不利于国家形象的影响。

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中国在南海急需做的两件事 2011-09-27 01:28 #2

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by 沙溪翁 » 2011-09-25 22:02

一,完善中国南海边界线。。。。现在的当务之急,是公开的,明确的完善南海的边界。在地图上直接把九段线连接起来,不理会周边各国的态度,我行我素;而且定期的对边界进行海、空巡逻,以实际行动宣示主权。对越界的任何人给予警告,要求其离开,就像日本在我国钓鱼岛海域的做法一样。这一点,我们可以向日本人学习,不要单靠外交词令。


完全同意。如果越界者不离开就抓或打沉。不用客气。

二,设置精确的南海地区坐标图,对边界线之内的各国的油气钻井,精确测量,定出精确的坐标位置,绘图公布。比如说最近嚷闹很凶的印度和越南在南海开采油气的问题,究竟它的坐标位置在什么地方,是不是在我国的边界线之内,或者说在边界线附近,必须搞清楚,以便决定定对策。如果人家没有在我们的边界线之内或边界线附近,我们就不必大惊小怪,只需戒备,警惕就行了。
我认为,以上这两点应该尽快实现,以免广大的爱国人士不明就里,干着急,乱操心而引发广泛的失实的过激言论,影响民众的情绪,造成不利于国家形象的影响。


不单要有精确的南海地区坐标图,还要对世界各国宣布中国的领海(territorial sea),内海(internal sea),EEZ, 大陆架。

China must publish a very precise map and define the nature of each zone such as territorial sea, internal sea, EEZ, continental shelf, etc. And what kind of rights and privileges foreign ships have or do not have in each zone such as rights of innocent passage. China does not need to obey the UNCLOS in every way since the 9-Dotted Line was demarcated before the institution of the UNCLOS. But China needs to declare what it wants precisely and provide legal and historical basis for its claims. China does not need to go to the World Court but must be able to defend it with reasons based on historical and international laws such as discovery, incorporation into national administration by including the areas in national maps, occupation and development, etc. The PRC had published such a map in Sept. 1958 based on historical transmissions. Vietnam even agreed to it explicitly by an official response. These and many other evidence are all valid basis for claiming sovereignty. The Chinese government must publish such a clear declaration and disseminate it through both the domestic and international media so that the whole world can see the legality and rightful nature of China's claim. Obviously, the invading countries will deny China's claim. But that is to be expected. Chinese government and the Chinese people should not worry about such denial. As 沙溪翁 had said, China should "不理会周边各国的态度,我行我素". If China then ACT as the rightful soverign owner of the area then the majority of the countries in the world will accept China's sovereignty. Right now, China's action consists of begging the invading countries to "set aside dispute, concentrate on mutual development." This will only make the international community think China is trying to cheat the invading countries because no sovereign owner of a critically important area will beg others to not dispute sovereignty. In the end, China will lose prestige and credibility and be seen as a thief trying to use tricks to cheat weaker countries. It is unfortunate that Deng had never thought this policy through. Or he had only tried to satisfy his own rationality without considering its likely effect on the international community as well as on the invading countries. Such a weak and foolish policy only embolden the invading countries to invade even more while puzzling the international community and make it distrust China's true intention.

Whatever the merit of "set aside dispute, concentrate on mutual development" had been in Deng's time, the time has changed. 彼一时,此一时。 China must be able to formulate new policies according to the dictates of the new era. Chinese leaders must have the sense of responsibility and the intelligence to formulate new policies to adapt to the ever changing international conditions. Insisting on implementing old and outdated policies due to lack of intelligence or due to the fear of taking responsibility will put China in great danger.

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