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主题: 马来西亚否认中国3艘舰艇巡航曾母暗沙 - 不同的新闻来源

马来西亚否认中国3艘舰艇巡航曾母暗沙 - 不同的新闻来源 2014-01-31 23:55 #1

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BBC中文网:http://www.bbc.co.uk/zhongwen/simp/china/2014/01/140129_malaysia_china_sea.shtml

马来西亚否认中国3艘舰艇巡航曾母暗沙

更新时间 2014年1月29日, 格林尼治标准时间10:41


中国三艘军舰在与马来西亚有主权争议的曾母暗沙巡逻,宣示主权。


马来西亚皇家海军部长阿卜杜勒·阿齐兹·加法尔将军否认有关中国海军3艘舰艇在曾母暗沙巡航的报道,称中方的训练发生在马来西亚领海以北数百海里的公海。


中国官方新华社稍早报道称,3艘中国军舰周日(26日)在中国与马来西亚有主权争议的曾母暗沙巡逻,军舰上的官兵宣誓捍卫国家主权。

《新海峡时报》周三(29日)引述加法尔的谈话称,中国海军的训练是在距离马来西亚200海里专属经济区约1000海里外的海域进行。

他表示,马来西亚和美国事先得到了此次训练的通报。

“没有挑衅”

路透社报道说,这家亲政府的报纸援引加法尔的话说,“中国方面没有挑衅或者威胁我方主权的举措,他们是在公海举行训练,”

中国官方新华社报道说,周日巡逻曾母暗沙的是两栖船坞登陆舰长白山舰,以及两艘导弹驱逐舰海口舰和武汉舰。

报道进一步披露,周日上午8点整,三艘舰船在曾母暗沙排成品字形列阵,举行“走向深蓝、矢志强军”的主权宣誓签名仪式。

编队指挥官、南海舰队司令员蒋伟烈在宣誓仪式上讲话,敦促士兵要随时准备打仗,提高战斗力,使中国成为海洋强国。

路透社报道还说,这三艘军舰属于中国海军南海舰队远海训练编队。这是北京政府在南中国海显示主权信心的最新举动。

战略要道

中国近年来与多个邻国就石油和天然气资源丰富的南中国海部分海域的主权归属问题发生越来越激烈的争执。

中国声称的主权归其所有的地区,几乎占了全部南中国海的所有海域,而该海域是纵横交错的重要海上航道和战略要地。

曾母暗沙在这一海域的最南端,距离中国大陆2000公里,中国和马来西亚都声称这片海域属于自己。

主权争议

去年春天,马来西亚举行示威活动,抗议四艘中国船只侵入曾母暗沙地区的沙捞越婆罗洲。

本月初,中国开始在南海实施新的管理规章,规定所有外国人和外国渔船进入海南管辖水域捕鱼或进行渔业资源调查活动,都应该经过中国国务院批准。

此举引起菲律宾和美国的不满,美国本月早些时候说,中国实施这一管理条例具有“挑衅性和潜在的危险”,美国对此“感到担忧”。

越南、台湾、文莱、马来西亚和菲律宾都声称对南中国海的部分海域拥有主权。

(编译/责编:路西)
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马来西亚否认中国3艘舰艇巡航曾母暗沙 - 3处不同的新闻来源 2014-02-01 00:00 #2

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环球时报:http://mil.huanqiu.com/paper/2014-01/4803373.html

马来西亚否认中国海军南海“入侵” 外媒傻眼

2014-01-30 08:09

环球时报



  【环球时报驻马来西亚特约记者 欧贤安 本报记者 王盼盼 ● 王晓雄】“中国并未入侵我们的海域”,马来西亚海军司令阿齐兹上将29日的这番话,让试图在南海问题上挑拨中国和马来西亚关系的西方媒体傻了眼。他当天通过马国《新海峡时报》回应说,中国在曾母暗沙的巡航活动是在国际水域举行的,“马来西亚和中国关系良好,人们不要胡乱猜疑”。路透社29日略带酸楚地评论称,与菲律宾和越南相比,马来西亚长期在与中国有争议的南海问题上保持低调姿态,“但有迹象显示,马来西亚的立场可能发生改变”。中国学者庄国土29日接受《环球时报》记者采访时称,马来西亚是东盟中与中国关系最好的国家之一,双方在政治经济乃至安全方面的合作都非常广泛。必须警惕西方媒体挑拨中马关系,为南海局势增加新的变数。

  本月26日,中国海军南海舰队远海训练编队驶抵曾母暗沙巡航,编队官兵在曾母暗沙举行主权宣示仪式,表达对维护领土主权和海洋权益的坚强决心。《新海峡时报》称,中国海军的两栖船坞登陆舰长白山舰,导弹驱逐舰海口舰、武汉舰三艘战舰参加,还有潜艇、直升机等参与。路透社在报道这一消息时专门提到:中国和马来西亚对曾母暗沙的主权归属存在长期争议,去年3月,马来西亚还对中国“入侵”这一海域提出抗议。新加坡《海峡时报》称,中国舰船在马来西亚主张主权的海域巡逻,可能会冒险惹怒这个“一直努力淡化中国崛起所带来的战略担忧的国家”,并有可能改变南海领土争端的发展现状,因为“马来西亚在东盟中极具影响力”。

  对此,马来西亚海军司令阿卜杜-阿齐兹-贾法尔上将29日通过《新海峡时报》回应称,这些报道不准确。他表示,事实上,中国海军和空军是在远离马来西亚专属经济区的地带举行了高级海上军事演习。阿齐兹说,此次演习在存在争议的南沙群岛西北地区举行,距离马来西亚专属经济区有1000海里远,中国军舰并未侵占曾母暗沙。他还透露,中国将此次巡航活动事先通报了美国和马来西亚,“我们了解这一情况,我们一直在密切关注。中方并未做出任何挑衅行为,也没有威胁我们的主权,他们是在国际海域进行演习。”阿齐兹还说,“马来西亚和中国关系良好,可以追溯到上世纪70年代的乒乓外交。我希望人们不要胡乱猜疑,因为这是中国的权利,或许是为了加强其能力,并向地区展示其力量。”报道称,曾母暗沙距离马来西亚沙捞越80公里,距离中国大陆2000多公里,被中国认为是其领土的最南端。2010年4月,中国将一块象征主权的钢铁标记安放在曾母暗沙海域,以强化其领土主张,这迫使马来西亚加强了在这一富含石油和天然气的地区的安全措施,还计划在附近建立海军基地。

  “在马来西亚周边巡航,中国冒险引起东盟国家不安”,新加坡《海峡时报》29日发文称,巡航曾母暗沙的中国军舰上的官兵宣称要维护中国主权,这是北京加强在该海域主权主张的最新迹象。“在与中国的南海争端中,菲律宾和越南一直冲在最前线,表达警惕之情的声音最为响亮。”报道引述新加坡南洋理工大学拉惹勒南国际研究院胡逸山博士的话说,马来西亚传统上避免与中国正面冲突,在面临加强外交和贸易关系的利益面前,马来西亚和中国选择搁置争端。中国是马来西亚最大的贸易伙伴,而马来西亚则是中国在亚洲的第三大贸易伙伴。他认为,激怒东南亚国家不符合中国利益,尤其是当中国还试图在该地区组成同盟时。“中国在东南亚需要朋友,因为中国正在全力应对与日本的领土争端。”新加坡东南亚研究所高级研究员伊恩-斯托里博士说,中国一年中两次展示肌肉可能会极大地惹恼马来西亚。“如果中国继续开展这一现代版本的炮舰外交,中马关系可能会受到影响。”

  厦门大学南洋研究院院长庄国土29日对《环球时报》记者表示,中国和马来西亚的关系比较特殊,军事和经济合作的范围之广在东盟国家中少有比肩,双方很少公开就南海问题发生争执。2013年10月,中国国家主席习近平访问马来西亚,并同马总理纳吉布举行会谈,两国领导人决定将两国关系提升为全面战略伙伴关系,两国今年还将举行联合军演。庄国土说,中国和马来西亚在南海问题上保持目前局面的另一个背景是,马来西亚和文莱是最早在南海进行石油勘探和开采的国家,并获得了丰厚的收益,中国对此相当容忍。▲
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马来西亚否认中国3艘舰艇巡航曾母暗沙 - 3处不同的新闻来源 2014-02-01 00:07 #3

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马来西亚《新海峡时报》:  www.nst.com.my/nation/general/china-not-encroaching-on-our-waters-1.472789

29 January 2014| last updated at 12:16AM
'China not encroaching on our waters'

KUALA LUMPUR: Malaysia has denied foreign reports that China had encroached into Sarawak waters and was flexing its muscle in the country's maritime borders as a show of power.

Royal Malaysian Navy chief Admiral Tan Sri Abdul Aziz Jaafar who rubbished them as inaccurate reporting, said China was actually holding a high-level maritime exercise with its navy and airforce, away from the country's exclusive economic zone and it was held in conjunction with the recent launch of its aircraft carrier Liaoning.

The New Straits Times understands the exercise involved the aircraft carrier, and maritime assets including a submarine, the amphibious dock landing ship Changbaishan, two destroyers, as well as frigates with support from its air force fighter-jets. The exercise, Aziz said was being conducted northwest of the disputed Spratly islands, which was over 1,000 nautical miles away from Malaysia's 200nm exclusive economic zone, adding that no Chinese ship encroached James Shoal, located 80km northwest of Bintulu, Sarawak.

"We are aware of this and our naval and air forces are monitoring the situation with heightened surveillance. There has been no act of provocation on the part of the Chinese or threat to our sovereignty, as they are conducting their exercise in international waters."

Aziz said other nations like the United States was aware of this. He said the RMN anticipated the high-level exercise and was informed of it through diplomatic channels, adding that there was no reason for alarm.

"Malaysia and China share cordial relations, going back to the 'ping-pong' diplomacy (during the times of premier Tun Abdul Razak and chairman Mao Zedong) in the 1970s. I hope people do not speculate anything as this is China's right, to perhaps strengthen their capability as well as a show of force of its assets in the region."

James Shoal, known as the southern most part Zengmu Ansha by China and Beting Serupai by Malaysia, is a small bank in the South China Sea with a depth of 22m. Although James Shoal is 1,800km from mainland China, it is at times grouped with the Spratlys, as part of the international dispute between Malaysia, China and Taiwan over sovereignty in the South China Sea.

The China Marine Surveillance Ship-83 reportedly placed a sovereignty steel marker (monument) in the waters off James Shoal on April 20, 2010, to strengthen their claim, prompting Malaysia to beef up security in the oil and gas-rich area with the possibility of constructing a naval base in Bintulu.

In March last year, China's naval vessels reportedly conducted drills around James Shoal, prompting protests from Malaysia. China's acts of aggression to assert itself in the South China Sea, an important passageway for shipping and rich in resources, has drawn protests from the Philippines, Taiwan, Vietnam, Brunei and the US.

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马来西亚否认中国3艘舰艇巡航曾母暗沙 - 3处不同的新闻来源 2014-02-01 00:11 #4

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路透社:http://www.reuters.com/article/2014/01/29/malaysia-china-navy-idUSL3N0L32ET20140129

UPDATE 2-Malaysia navy chief denies Chinese incursion

Wed Jan 29, 2014 5:47am EST

(Adds Chinese Defence Ministry comment, para 10)

Jan 29 (Reuters) - Malaysia's navy chief has denied a report that three Chinese navy ships patrolled an area claimed by the Southeast Asian country, saying the Chinese exercise took place hundreds of miles to the north in international waters.

Chinese state news agency Xinhua, as well as the People's Liberation Army daily, reported that an amphibious landing craft and two destroyers patrolled the James Shoal on Sunday, 50 miles (80 km) off the coast of Malaysia's Sarawak state, and held a ceremony in which they swore to safeguard Chinese sovereignty.

The reported activity at the southernmost tip of Beijing's sweeping claims over the South China Sea appeared to be the latest sign of its territorial assertiveness that has boosted tensions with claimants such as the Philippines and Vietnam.

Royal Malaysian Navy chief Abdul Aziz Jaafar, in comments published by the New Straits Times on Wednesday, said the Chinese exercise, involving its newly commissioned aircraft carrier and a submarine, took place 1,000 nautical miles away from Malaysia's 200 nautical mile economic exclusion zone.

He said Malaysia and the United States had been informed of the exercises beforehand.

"There has been no act of provocation on the part of the Chinese or threat to our sovereignty as they are conducting their exercise in international waters," the pro-government newspaper quoted him as saying.

China's aircraft carrier, the Liaoning, completed its first sea trials and returned to port on Jan. 1, according to Xinhua, an apparent contradiction with the Malaysian navy chief's reported comments.

Chinese Foreign Ministry spokeswoman Hua Chunying dodged a question at a news briefing on any such discrepancy, saying Chinese media had reported on patrols "for many years".

"We hope the media will not go out of its way to report on these routine and ordinary activities," she said.

A Chinese Defence Ministry official, speaking by telephone, referred journalists to the news reports without elaborating.

A Malaysian government spokesman said the government was investigating the incident.

LOW-KEY APPROACH

Compared to the Philippines and Vietnam, Malaysia has taken a low-key approach to its overlapping claims with China, its largest trade partner.

Chinese President Xi Jinping and Malaysian Prime Minister Najib Razak agreed last year to elevate ties and joint military exercises are to be held for the first time this year.

But there are signs that Malaysia's approach could shift. Malaysia protested to China last March against the incursion by four Chinese warships in the James Shoal, which Beijing calls the Zengmu Reef and which lies about 1,800 km (1,120 miles) south of the Chinese mainland.

In April, a Chinese maritime surveillance ship returned to James Shoal to leave behind steel markers to assert its claim.

Malaysia's defence minister announced in October that the country would establish a marine corps and set up a naval base in the coastal town of Bintulu near the James Shoal.

Vietnam, Taiwan, Brunei, Malaysia and the Philippines claim parts of the South China Sea. China has a separate dispute with Japan in the East China Sea. (Reporting By Stuart Grudgings and by Michael Martina and Ben Blanchard in BEIJING; Editing by Ron Popeski)

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马来西亚否认中国3艘舰艇巡航曾母暗沙 - 3处不同的新闻来源 2014-02-01 00:14 #5

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新加坡《海峡时报》:http://www.straitstimes.com/breaking-news/se-asia/story/malaysias-navy-chief-denies-chinese-incursion-james-shoal-20140129

Malaysia's navy chief denies Chinese incursion in James Shoal

Published on Jan 29, 2014
1:14 PM

KUALA LUMPUR (REUTERS) - Malaysia's navy chief has denied a report that three Chinese navy ships patrolled an area claimed by the South-east Asian country, saying the Chinese exercise took place hundreds of miles to the north in international waters.

Chinese state news agency Xinhua reported that an amphibious landing craft and two destroyers patrolled the James Shoal on Sunday, 80 km off the coast of Malaysia's Sarawak state, and held a ceremony in which they swore to safeguard Chinese sovereignty.

The reported activity at the southernmost tip of Beijing's sweeping claims over the South China Sea appeared to be the latest sign of its territorial assertiveness that has boosted tensions with claimants such as the Philippines and Vietnam.

Royal Malaysian Navy chief Abdul Aziz Jaafar, in comments published by the New Straits Times on Wednesday, said the Chinese exercise, involving its newly commissioned aircraft carrier and a submarine, took place 1,000 nautical miles away from Malaysia's 200 nautical mile economic exlusion zone.
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马来西亚否认中国3艘舰艇巡航曾母暗沙 - 3处不同的新闻来源 2014-02-01 00:45 #6

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早前事件背景报道:

新加坡《海峡时报》:http://www.straitstimes.com/the-big-story/asia-report/china/story/china-risks-asean-unease-patrol-malaysia-20140128

China risks Asean unease with patrol off Malaysia

Move will irk KL, may shift state of play in territorial dispute: Experts

Published on Jan 28, 2014




China's South Sea fleet (above) held a ceremony, with troops swearing an oath of determination to safeguard the country's sovereignty and maritime interests, while patrolling the James Shoal on Sunday. -- PHOTO: XINHUA

By Esther Teo & Yong Yen Nie In Beijing/Kuala Lumpur

CHINESE ships patrolling an area contested by Malaysia are likely to cause more anxiety across South-east Asia and risk the ire of a country that has long sought to downplay strategic concerns generated by China's rising power.

Three Chinese ships on Sunday patrolled the James Shoal in the South China Sea, about 80 km off Sarawak on Borneo island, which Beijing counts as the southernmost part of its territory. Soldiers on board swore to safeguard China's sovereignty, in the latest sign of Beijing's increasing territorial assertiveness in the waters.

Yesterday, Chinese Foreign Ministry spokesman Qin Gang emphasised at a regular press conference China's "indisputable sovereignty" of the shoal, but said it is willing to use negotiations to resolve the dispute and is committed to protecting regional peace and stability.

While Malaysia's Foreign Ministry did not respond to press queries, Mr Qin said Malaysia has not lodged an official protest over Sunday's patrol.

But some experts say the move will antagonise Kuala Lumpur - an Asean member with "significant influence" - and might shift the state of play in the maritime territorial dispute.

Beijing is in an ugly territorial spat over conflicting claims to parts of the resource-rich sea with four Asean states, the Philippines, Vietnam, Malaysia and Brunei. It has a separate dispute with Japan in the East China Sea, over the Diaoyu/Senkaku islands, around which three Chinese Coast Guard vessels sailed yesterday, reported Xinhua news agency.

The Philippines and Vietnam have been the most vocal in expressing alarm, most recently over new Chinese laws requiring foreign fishermen to seek Beijing's approval to operate in the disputed waters.

But Malaysia has traditionally avoided confrontations as the two states have set their dispute aside in the interest of stronger diplomatic and trading ties, noted Dr Oh Ei Sun from the S. Rajaratnam School of International Studies.

China is Malaysia's largest trading partner while the latter is China's third largest in Asia.

But bilateral ties could be strained with China's demonstrations of its military might becoming more frequent as its naval capabilities grow. Last March, four Chinese warships carried out a landing exercise around James Shoal - the first major show of force in the area since 1987 when a powerful flotilla of Chinese warships made its presence felt there.

The flexing of its naval muscles twice in the past 12 months is likely to "greatly annoy" Malaysia, said Dr Ian Storey from Singapore's Institute of South-east Asian Studies.

"If this modern form of gunboat diplomacy by China continues, Sino-Malaysian relations are likely to suffer," he added.

"Kuala Lumpur may have to change tack and articulate its concerns to Beijing more clearly and more frequently, and even step-up policy coordination with the other Asean claimants."

It is not in China's interest to provoke Asean countries, especially when it is also attempting to form alliances in this region, Dr Oh added. "China needs friends in South-east Asia as it already has its plate full with other island disputes with Japan," he said.

Yet Chinese experts remained optimistic about the future of bilateral relations.

Jinan University's South-east Asia expert Zhang Mingliang told The Straits Times relations are unlikely to be affected due to the "special relationship" that Beijing and Kuala Lumpur share, possibly because Malaysia was the first Asean state to establish diplomatic relations with China in 1974.

"Both countries have always settled their territorial dispute outside of the public eye and have not openly criticised each other. Policies taken in this regard are practical and low-key," he said.

But he acknowledged that while Malaysia might not respond openly, it is likely to take steps to beef up its territorial claims.

Last October, for instance, Malaysia's Defence Minister said its navy would set up a base at Bintulu in Sarawak to protect the region and its oil and gas reserves.

Asean expert Xu Liping of the Chinese Academy of Social Sciences said "closer relations" between Malaysia and China compared with the Philippines will prevent the situation from escalating.

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纽约时报看中国: 马来西亚海军司令称中国海军未进入该国海域 zt 2014-02-09 22:59 #7

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时报看中国
马来西亚海军司令称中国海军未进入该国海域
EDWARD WONG 2014年02月08日

对于马来西亚对存在争端的南海某片特定海域宣布主权一事,中国的态度已经通过官方新闻机构新华社一篇文章的标题表露无遗:《中国舰队巡航最南端领土》。

但马来西亚海军最高指挥官对这种看法表示了不满。这位指挥官是海军上将阿卜杜勒·阿齐兹·加法尔(Abdul Aziz Jaafar),他表示,无论新华社的文章怎么写,中国海军舰艇并没有侵犯他所说的马来西亚海域。




He Yuan/European Pressphoto Agency

指示棒在中国护照上的一幅地图中点出了南海争议岛屿。

中国在本周早些时候刊登的这则报道称,1月26日,中国远海训练编队在这片特定海域举行了宣誓仪式,海军官兵们誓言要“维护领海主权”。中国称这片海域为曾母暗沙。该报道说中国海军定期在该区域巡航,表明中国人认为这片海域是由北京控制的领海,尽管马来西亚对其声明了主权。

在马来西亚政府和其他一些东南亚国家眼中,任何这样的海军巡航行动都会是一次重大挑衅。这些东南亚国家认为中国正在南海进行积极扩张,给它们带来了日益严重的威胁感。越南和菲律宾等国已经对中国在该地区的行动进行了强烈谴责。一些中国官员认为南海的很大一部分属于中国领海,根据是20世纪初由国民党政府绘制的一幅称为“九段线””或“牛舌头”地图。国民党政府于1949年被共产党推翻。

新华社文章中提到的马来西亚附近的那片海域,就在这幅地图的最南端。

马来西亚英文报纸《新海峡时报》(New Straits Times)周三的一则报道称,尽管新华社这样说,马来西亚皇家海军总司令阿齐兹上将还是坚称中国海军舰艇编队没有进入马来西亚在“詹姆斯暗沙”(James Shoal)周围的专属经济区。詹姆斯暗沙是马来西亚和其他一些国家对曾母暗沙的称谓。

该报道援引阿齐兹上将的话,称中国开展的高级别海上演习出动了海军和空军,“远离我国的专属经济区”。

《新海峡时报》的这则报道表示,参加演习的舰艇包括中国首艘航母辽宁舰;一艘潜艇;两艘护卫舰;一艘两栖船坞登陆舰长白山舰;空军飞机提供了空中支援。阿齐兹上将说,这次演习的地点在有争议的南沙群岛的西北方向,跟马来西亚专属经济区相距1000多海里。这种区域通常距离地物有200海里远。

这则报道称,阿齐兹上将表示:“我们了解这一情况,我们的海军和空军正在密切监测形势。中方并未做出任何挑衅行为,也没有威胁我们的主权,他们是在国际海域进行演习。”

《新海峡时报》的文章称,2010年4月曾有报道说一艘中国船只在曾母暗沙外放置了一处显示主权的钢质标记,促使马来西亚加强了它在该地区的安全存在,并考虑在曾母暗沙东南80公里处的婆罗洲岛沙捞越民都鲁建立一个海军基地。去年3月,中国舰船在曾母暗沙进行演练,导致马来西亚政府提出外交抗议。

新华社的报道称,本周在曾母礁附近进行的军事巡航是由长白山舰和两艘驱逐舰武汉舰和海口舰完成的。报道没有提及辽宁舰或潜艇的参与。这则报道说,在宣誓仪式上,舰上官兵们“发誓决心维护国家领海主权和海洋权益”,舰队司令员蒋伟烈则敦促官兵们“时刻准备打仗,打胜仗,不断提高实战能力,为维护海洋权益、建设海洋强国当好先锋,打好头阵。”


黄安伟(Edward Wong)是《纽约时报》驻京记者。

翻译:土土
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Malaysia Dismisses Talk of Chinese Naval Incursion 2014-02-19 13:59 #8

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Malaysia Dismisses Talk of Chinese Naval Incursion
China's Official News Agency Reported Patrol of Disputed Shoal Last Month

By
Abhrajit Gangopadhyay

Feb. 17, 2014 7:09 a.m. ET

PUTRAJAYA, Malaysia—Malaysia's foreign minister brushed off a media report that Chinese naval vessels entered its waters last month, maintaining the country's stance of publicly saying little against its largest trading partner's military flexing in the region.

"I have not got any confirmation on the presence of Chinese vessels or ships in that region," Anifah Aman told reporters after a meeting Monday with Australian Foreign Minister Julie Bishop, who is on her first official visit to Malaysia. "Nevertheless, any intrusion into our territory will not get a very good response from us."

China's official news agency Xinhua reported last month that an amphibious landing vessel and two destroyers patrolled the James Shoal, a reef 50 miles (80 kilometers) off the coast of Malaysia's Sarawak state that's claimed by China. There they held a ceremony in which they swore to safeguard Chinese sovereignty.

At the time, China's Foreign Ministry referred inquiries to the Defense Ministry, which did not respond to faxed questions seeking comment. Malaysian navy chief Abdul Aziz Jaafar, meanwhile, dismissed arguments that Chinese fleet movements are a threat to Malaysia's sovereignty, saying China carries out its exercises in internatio nal waters.

Mr. Anifah said Monday that Malaysia hasn't discussed the matter through diplomatic channels.

This is the first comment from a Malaysian cabinet minister since the Xinhua report, which sparked renewed speculation about China's territorial ambitions. Beijing has grown more assertive in its claims to the South China Sea, parts of which are also claimed by Malaysia, the Philippines, Vietnam, Brunei and Taiwan.

Last May it sent a task force including an amphibious landing ship to the farthest southern reaches of the area, which Malaysia considers its territory. Malaysia didn't publicly comment.

China's growing commercial and naval power in recent years has unnerved many smaller countries in Asia, and has also prompted the U.S. to repeatedly urge all nations in the region to ensure the free navigation through the South China Sea, one of the world's busiest shipping lanes.

"Going by our strong relationship with China, we will engage China into discussions on what is best for Malaysia and China and the region," Mr. Anifah said.

—Brian Spegele in Beijing contributed to this article.

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A test of friendship 2014-02-19 14:00 #9

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www.nst.com.my/opinion/columnist/a-test-of-friendship-1.486652?cache=03/7.81805&ModPagespeed=noscript

A test of friendship
By Dr. Tang Siew Mun

Read more: A test of friendship - Columnist - New Straits Times www.nst.com.my/opinion/columnist/a-test-of-friendship-1.486652?cache=03/7.81805#ixzz2tkFfPsPN

OR what is hyped to be a celebratory year to commemorate the 40th anniversary of diplomatic ties between Malaysia and China, the mood is more cautious in the wake of yet another highly visible show of force by China in James Shoal.

Just as the Chinese community across the world was set to welcome the Year of the Horse, China's People's Liberation Army (PLA Navy) sent a three-ship flotilla to patrol the waters around James Shoal in the South China Sea.

The official news agency, Xinhua, reported that "soldiers and officials aboard swore an oath of determination to safeguard the country's sovereignty and maritime interests".

This was not the first, nor would it be the last of such visits. A similar incident took place in March last year.

Malaysia should well expect these visits to be a recurrent Chinese feature and stratagem to reinforce their claim over the Malaysian shoal.

The latest intrusion into James Shoal could be interpreted in two ways.

Firstly, it could be a low-key way for China to reaffirm its interests in the area, and keep alive its claims of sovereignty. If these visits are confined to political speech acts of declarations, there is no immediate threat to Malaysian interests and regional stability. However, if these visits are a prelude to the old Chinese game of "creeping assertiveness" by testing Malaysia's resolve, then the effect may be more destabilising and worrisome.

Even in the best case scenario where the repeated visits to the vicinity of James Shoal are transient and absent of any plans of escalation, Malaysia needs to provide a credible response.

James Shoal has clearly demonstrated the limits of Malaysian goodwill and "understanding" of what is essentially provocative Chinese moves toward Malaysian interests. We have to seriously ask ourselves, what does China hope to gain from these visits?

Malaysia had avoided megaphone diplomacy to register our concerns. Instead, we continue to put trust on our "special relationship" to avoid and minimise damage to one of our most important bilateral relationships.

Unfortunately, Beijing plays by different rules and proudly displays these acts openly and widely through their media agencies. This puts Kuala Lumpur in a delicate position.

By holding firm to the preferred modality of quiet diplomacy, Kuala Lumpur runs the risk of being criticised of appeasing China.

Indeed, the oft-asked question is, why is Kuala Lumpur deferential to Beijing? These views are a poor representation of Malaysian diplomacy. Malaysia is vigorous in protecting its interests in the South China Sea, but does so in a productive and non-confrontational manner.

China needs to show Malaysia the same courtesy and respect that we have shown to them. Playing out delicate political-strategic issues in the media would only serve to inflame nationalistic angst and harden positions in both countries, and potentially setting the stage for a confrontation that neither Malaysia nor China wants.

Looking ahead, Malaysia has to face up to some hard questions:

FIRST, it should re-evaluate if the existing approach and its China policy is effective. If James Shoal is used as a barometer of China's "friendliness" toward Malaysia, the future of Sino-Malaysian relations is not looking too bright;

SECOND, Malaysia should give more emphasis to political-strategic and security issues vis-à-vis China. As important as our trade and investment ties are with China, economics should not overwhelm strategic considerations. We need a balanced approach in our China policy;

THIRD, Malaysia should be more expressive and sharing with its views. As a democracy, the government has an obligation to inform and engage its citizens in its policy-making. More importantly, Malaysia needs to register its position openly but in a constructive manner. If Malaysia is hesitant to speak out for itself, how effective could Malaysia be when it assumes the chairmanship of Asean, and possibly serving as the Asia's representative in the UN Security Council?;

FOURTH, Malaysia needs a Plan B. Our policy is premised on a benign and cooperative China. What if this worldview turns out differently? What if James Shoal is the harbinger of a nationalistic and expansionist great power in the making? Although we would want to believe (and hope) that the latter worldview will not become a reality, Malaysia needs to expand its strategic options. It would be irresponsible to base our China policy on the latter's benevolence. There is no guarantee that this would be the case in the long term. In fact, James Shoal may just be the catalyst to nudge us toward contemplating the unthinkable; and,

FIFTH, we should not allow ourselves to be caught up in the euphoria and celebrations of the commemorative year, and avoid taking on hard and delicate issues. James Shoal (and the South China Sea dispute) is a tumour that if left untreated, could serve to damage the erstwhile good relations between Malaysia and China. Fundamentally, we should engage China to define the meaning of "friendship." How would friends deal with problems and disputes? Certainly not by sending men-of-war to test the other's resolve.

Friendships should not be taken for granted. Kuala Lumpur and Beijing need to work hard to maintain and to take the relationship to the next level. As we move toward paving new roads to deepening this friendship, we must also prioritise on repairing old ones. At the same time, we must be careful not to put additional pressure on old roads to avoid reaching the critical point of collapse.

James Shoal is a test for China, as much as it is for Malaysia. If China is changing course, so too must Malaysia in crafting an appropriate response.

Read more: A test of friendship - Columnist - New Straits Times www.nst.com.my/opinion/columnist/a-test-of-friendship-1.486652?cache=03/7.81805#ixzz2tkFkVpDF

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我对真实情况的猜测 2014-02-19 20:41 #10

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综合各方报道,我对真实情况的猜测如下:

首先,既然中国官方公开宣布3艘中国军舰于1月26日曾母暗沙巡逻宣示主权,那就基本上可以认定为事实。

其次,马来西亚于1月29日回应称“中国海军的训练是在距离马来西亚200海里专属经济区约1000海里外的海域进行”;“马来西亚和美国事先得到了此次训练的通报”;中方“没有挑衅”,其实可以看作是顾左右而言它,说的也是事实,只不过回避了几艘中国军舰在演习之余悄悄遛到曾母暗沙打了一次酱油的一个关键的小插曲。

马来西亚顾左右而言它的回应其实体现了相当的政治智慧,此举不仅回避了跟中国公开对抗的尴尬与危险,在面子上保持了与中国一贯友好的姿态,另一方面也委婉地坚持了其在包括曾母暗沙在内的专属经济区利益的立场。

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版权无有 多谢转贴
强盛 威严 博爱 之中国

我对真实情况的猜测 2014-02-19 23:59 #11

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赞同。

在对自己声索范围的实际控制和开发,和在南沙群岛争端的处理方式上,我认为马来西亚是最成功的一个。

若撇开中国的主权要求来看,马来西亚已经和印尼完成了它们两国之间的海上划界,和越南共同提交了大陆架划分方案,和菲律宾之间的重叠声索范围不大并且实际控制能力强。基于1979年马来西亚自己所画出的EEZ,它基本控制了声索范围内的岛礁,并对此区内的油气相当成功地进行了开发——我认为是最成功的一方,而且将其所侵占的弹丸礁开发为南沙群岛目前为止唯一的对国际开放的海岛旅游点。

而在这一切的成功之时,并未看到中国对其采取任何大的反应或动作,甚至中国政府和很多中国人认为马来西亚是南海争端中较友好和合作的一方。

在马来西亚提出的声索范围内,中国并未占领任何一座岛礁。如果要继续保持现状的话,或者如果是通过和平手段比如基于国际海洋法来谈判的话,我认为在和马来西亚的争执解决,中国没有什么优势。

面子上能够和中国如此和气,但不要忘了,马来西亚政府在自己国家利益上是一点都不含糊的,这个国家就算对美国也是在该强硬的时候就强硬的。要最终解决中马之间的争端,除非两国之间的利益和共识能够远超出南沙群岛争端中涉及的利益冲突,或者两国之间有经济和军事实力的极端差距出现,或者因为某些事件导致南海争端一次性整体解决(比如战争方式),否则我的态度是不乐观的。

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马来西亚否认中国3艘舰艇巡航曾母暗沙 - 3处不同的新闻来源 2014-03-01 14:24 #12

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陈光文: 马来西亚突然变脸高调在南海建海军基地

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马来西亚否认中国3艘舰艇巡航曾母暗沙 - 3处不同的新闻来源 2014-03-26 15:44 #13

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中国应该在曾母暗沙建立一个平台以彰显主权的存在。

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